How to Become a Firefighter with Requirements and Duties

As much as a degree is needed for this field, some personal qualifications are also more needed than that. Fire fighting can happen anywhere. In such a situation, it is necessary to have courage, patience and the ability to make quick decisions.

Fire fighting

It is often said that don't play with fire, you will get burnt. But a career playing with fire can definitely give coolness. No one can claim whether a fire will happen or not. If there is no fire, then there is no problem, but if it does happen, such a person or a team is needed to extinguish it, who knows the type of fire, the reason for the fire, the methods of extinguishing the fire, must have knowledge of fire extinguishers, and the skills to safely evacuate people surrounded by fire.

Obviously, this is not information that can be known by simply asking or reading it. It is also studied and its training is also given. In such a situation, those who want to reach the height of their career while playing with fire can reach the below-mentioned posts by getting a Diploma to BA (Fire). 

Leading Fireman: 

After becoming a fireman, one can become a leading fireman by passing a departmental examination.


A fireman is a person who directly deals with fire. A team of firemen is stationed at every fire station.

Station Officer: 

The head of any fire station is the station officer, who not only leads the team of the fire station, but also has complete information about the types of buildings and factories in the area under his responsibility. Yes, it is a residential area where there is a possibility of fire.

Sub Officer: 

The leader of any fire tender is a Sub Officer, who is under the command of a Fireman and Leading Fireman. It assesses the situation and guides its team as to how to extinguish the fire with minimum loss.

Assistant Divisional Officer: 

The whole state It is divided into different divisions and each division is headed by an Assistant Divisional Officer, which may be several depending on the scope of work and area. It is their responsibility to see whether the fire extinguishing arrangements in the buildings being constructed in the area are correct or not.

Divisional Officer: 

The responsibility of a Divisional Officer is the same as that of an Assistant Divisional Officer and there is one Divisional Officer for three Assistant Divisional Officers.

Deputy Chief Fire Officer: 

With the coordination, work, area division and other administrative responsibilities of the entire fire department, to ensure that the entire fire department is capable of dealing with every situation, an officer like the Deputy Chief Fire Officer looks after it.

Chief Fire Officer: 

The Chief Fire Officer of the entire fire department is the boss, under whose supervision, direction, coordination and motivation the department runs. The incidents of fire should be minimized throughout the entire state and the leadership of the Chief Fire Officer decides how to deal with it with complete preparation in case of fire. 

Nature of work

The main job of fire fighters is to find out the causes of fire and analyze the measures to prevent it. Fire fighting is a field related to civil and electrical. For example, the technical knowledge of fire extinguishers, sprinkler systems, alarms, the most accurate use of water showers, its objective is to protect maximum lives and work in the least time and least resources. Joining the Fire Department is a successful career as well as public service.

Educational Qualifications

As much as a degree is needed for this field, some personal qualifications are also more needed than that. Fire can take place in gunpowder factories and also in chemical factories, in densely populated areas and forests. In such a situation, it is necessary to have courage, patience along with leadership qualities, and the ability to take quick decisions. So that it can control any major accident. Still, it is mandatory to have a 12th pass for admission for a diploma or degree. A BE (Fire) degree is mandatory for some posts. There is an All India Entrance Exam for admission to it. Passed in Physics or Mathematics with Chemistry with 50% marks.

Physical Fitness

A career in this field with physical fitness qualifications is also seen to be made. The minimum height for men should be 165 cm, weight should be 50 kg, while women should be at least 157 cm tall, cm should be at least 46 kg. Eye vision should be 6/6 for both. And age should be from 19 years to 23 years.

Opportunities Plentifulness

Director of Delhi College of Fire Safety Engineering Z. s. According to Lara, there are immense possibilities for employment in this. Earlier, there were fire stations only in metropolitan cities. Today there are fire stations in every district. Apart from this, appointment of a fire engineer has been made mandatory in every government and non-government office. Fire engineers are needed. Apart from the fire department, architecture and building construction, the refinery, gas factory, the construction industry, plastic, LPG and chemicals plant, multi-storage buildings and the airport are in great demand everywhere.

What are the Courses

Courses like Diploma in Fire Fighting, PG Diploma in Fire and Safety Engineering, B.Sc in Fire Engineering, Fire Technology and Industrial Safety Management, Industrial Safety Supervisor, Rescue and Fire Fighting, are included. Whose duration is from 6 months to three years. During the course, information is given from technical information about fire extinguishing to the scientific formula for the rescue of life and property.

Colleges :-

1. Delhi College of Fire Safety Engineering, New Delhi,

2. Indira Gandhi Open University, Maidan Garhi, New Delhi

3. National Institute of Fire, Disaster and Environment Management, Nagpur

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